Political ideology gave way to pragmatism Tuesday afternoon, as the GOP House overwhelmingly approved a major spending measure to avert a government shutdown on Friday and buy additional time for congressional leaders and the White House to negotiate spending cuts for the remainder of the fiscal year.
By a vote of 335 to 91, the House approved a resolution providing enough funds to keep the government operating for another two week, while cutting $4 billion in programs. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., said the Senate would approve the short-term measure by Thursday, and then send it on to the White House to be signed before a midnight Friday deadline.
Just over a week ago, House conservatives and freshman tea party advocates were demanding $61 billion or more in budget cuts for the remaining seven months of the fiscal year – unprecedented savings strongly opposed by President Obama and Senate Democrats that raised the prospects of a stalemate and a possible government shutdown. Many of the 87 House GOP freshmen who were elected on platforms of fiscal restraint and government downsizing vowed to press for as much as $100 billion in cuts, even if it meant a budgetary train wreck and government shutdown.
media and Democrats. I find that very interesting.”
Amid howls of complaints from Democratic lawmakers, special interest groups and some economists that the cuts would harm the poor and middle class and undermine the economic recovery, GOP leaders began to back down last week. The two government shutdowns in late 1995 and early 1996 proved to be political fiascos for the Republicans back then, and House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, and Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, wanted no part of another government crisis.
Asked today whether it was safe to assume it was no longer conceivable Republicans would support a government shutdown, Senate Republican Whip Jon Kyl of Arizona told The Fiscal Times: “Correct. The only people talking about a shutdown are the media and Democrats. I find that very interesting.”
A Deal Quickly Cut
Once the White House signaled last week that it would go along with some spending cuts now, along the lines of proposed cuts outlined by President Obama in his 2012 budget, GOP and Democratic leaders quickly cut a deal for a stop-gap, two-week extension of the budget. It included $4 billion of savings – or about 7 percent of the cuts they originally proposed.
Boehner and McConnell insisted Tuesday that the cuts in the short-term measure were merely an installment on the overall cuts they intend to achieve in future negotiations. "All of us know that cutting the spending of Washington, D.C., never happens,” Boehner told reporters. “And so to think that we're going to have significant cuts in spending levels — it's not going to be easy. I understand that.” McConnell agreed that even achieving $4 billion in cuts was a major event in Washington, but said he expects to get considerably more in savings before year’s end. “I would like to see us adopt the House position of $61 billion in cuts,” McConnell said optimistically.
But much of the bold talk about confrontation with the White House and a government shutdown has dissipated, and all but one House Republican freshman – Rep. Justin Amash of Michigan – voted in favor of the short-term measure. On his Facebook page, Amash wrote, “I support the efforts of my GOP colleagues to move the budget process along so that we can work toward serious spending reductions. Unfortunately, this budget cuts spending at the rate of only $133 million per week or $6.95 billion per year. That's four-tenths of one percent of our annual deficit.”
In all, only six Republicans voted against the short-term spending continuing resolution, including Rep. Michele Bachmann of Minnesota, the head of the House tea party caucus, Louie Gohmert, Tex., Walter Jones, N.C., Steve King, Iowa, and Ron Paul, Tex. House Democrats were divided on the measure: 104 Democrats backed it while 85 opposed it.