Senate Republicans on Wednesday blocked a $118 billion package of border reforms and foreign aid —a deal they had insisted was needed to unlock more funding for Ukraine in its war against Russia. In a 49-50 vote, most Senate Republicans and a handful of Democrats rejected the bipartisan compromise that negotiators had crafted over months of talks, despite the inclusion of many of Republican demands on border policy and the endorsement of some solidly conservative groups, including the union of Border Patrol officers.
The collapse of the deal leaves the fate of near-term funding for Ukraine and Israel in doubt, though Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer moved quickly to bring up a foreign aid package that strips out the border measures, a Plan B that had at one point been Plan A.
“Republicans have said they can’t pass Ukraine without border. Now they say they can’t pass Ukraine with border. Today, I’m giving them a choice,” Schumer said on the Senate floor. “I urge Republicans to take yes for an answer.”
It’s not clear when or whether Republicans would get to yes on the foreign aid, even as many GOP senators support that funding. An afternoon procedural vote was held open for hours as Republicans sought to regroup and get on the same page. Even if the Senate can pass an aid bill, it would face challenges in the House, where many Republicans oppose more funding for Ukraine.
“We’ll see what the Senate does,” House Speaker Mike Johnson told reporters earlier in the day. “We’re allowing the process to play out and we’ll handle it as it’s sent over.”
Dialing up the Republican dysfunction: The Senate’s border deal was doomed even before it was released. Yes, many Republicans had insisted on tougher laws to address the surge of migrants coming through the southern border as a prerequisite for foreign aid funding. But any momentum for a deal in the Republican conference faded fast after former president Donald Trump, intent on using the border as a potent political weapon in his campaign to win back the White House, blasted the bill and warned senators against backing it. Many Republicans rejected the deal even before it was final, while others did so within hours of its release.
“The damage Republicans have done this week to their credibility cannot be understated,” Schumer said.
Reaganite Republicans like to cite the former president’s willingness to accept half a loaf and go back for more, but many in today’s Republican Party prefer to starve so they can tell their base they’re on a hunger strike, standing up for conservative principles and refusing to work with Democrats.
Sen. James Lankford, the Oklahoma Republican who was a lead negotiator on the deal, said Wednesday that an unnamed “popular commentator” had threatened him, saying, “If you try to move a bill that solves the border crisis during this presidential year, I will do whatever I can to destroy you.”
Lankford and Sens. Susan Collins of Maine, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Mitt Romney of Utah were the only Republicans voting for the bill. Democratic Sens. Ed Markey and Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, Bob Menendez of New Jersey, and Alex Padilla of California voted against it, as did Sen. Bernie Sanders, the Vermont independent.
“Politics used to be the art of the possible,” Romney told reporters. “Now it’s the art of the impossible. Meaning, let’s put forward proposals that can’t possibly pass so that we can say to our respective bases, ‘Look how I’m fighting for you.’”
Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, the Arizona independent who spent months negotiating the Senate border deal, slammed Republicans in the Senate for also kowtowing to Trump and choosing to campaign on the border crisis rather than address it.
“Less than 24 hours after we released the bill, my Republican colleagues changed their minds,” she said on the Senate floor. “Turns out they want all talk and no action. It turns out border security is not actually a risk to our national security, it’s just a talking point for the election. After all of their cable news appearances, after all those campaign photo ops in the desert, after all those trips to the border, this crisis isn’t actually much of a crisis after all. Sunday morning, there was a real crisis at the border. Monday morning, that crisis magically disappeared.”
Bicameral chaos: The dysfunction hasn’t been limited to the Senate. It has been even more pronounced in the House.
“Democracy is messy,” Johnson told reporters Wednesday morning in trying to explain away the embarrassing double debacle of Tuesday night’s pair of failed House votes, one to impeach Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas and the other on a standalone aid package for Israel. “You’re seeing the messy sausage-making, the process of democracy play out,” Johnson said. “It’s not always clean. It’s not always pretty. But the job will be done at the end of the day.”
But messy doesn’t fully describe the magnitude of current Republican dysfunction. Axios termed Tuesday’s failed votes, which happened in quick succession, “10 minutes of humiliation that will live in House lore,” adding: “Even in an era of ousted speakers and wild, daily internal disarray, Tuesday night's back-to-back defeats for House Republicans were epic.”
The humiliation reportedly has intensified the questions swirling about Johnson’s leadership, well beyond his ability or inability to count votes. “Inside Johnson’s leadership circle, there are plenty who doubt his decision-making capability while being forced to begrudgingly execute his questionable strategies,” Punchbowl News reported. “And among rank-and-file House GOP lawmakers, there are a lot of people scratching their heads about where he’s leading them.”
Johnson tried to downplay the significance of Tuesday’s failures. “We’re governing here,” he said, urging everyone to take a deep breath. It’s painfully obvious, though, that House Republicans are not governing and instead are trying to somehow use their unworkably thin majority to extract unadulterated conservative victories or lay the groundwork for a win by Donald Trump in November.