Biden Gets a Huge Win. Can Dems Deliver Another?
For President Joe Biden and congressional Democrats, it’s one down and one to go.
After a day full of drama, the House late Friday passed the $1.2 trillion bipartisan infrastructure framework, sending the bill to the president’s desk and providing Biden with a much-needed political win after months of intraparty quarrels and sagging approval ratings.
The passage came after clashing moderate and progressive Democrats agreed to a compromise that had five centrists commit in writing to vote next week for the Build Back Better bill, the other major plank of the party’s economic agenda, if a Congressional Budget Office analysis of the package comes back in line with White House estimates. The centrists also pledged to work toward passage of the bill if the CBO numbers differ from what’s expected. Two other holdout centrists did not sign on to the statement.
Even with that agreement to address long-running factional fights — and despite both public and private pleas from Biden for lawmakers to approve the infrastructure bill and pass a rule for debating the social spending package — the package would not have passed without the support of 13 Republicans, including six from New York and New Jersey. Six Democrats — members of the progressive “Squad” — bucked their party to vote against the plan. The final vote was 228 to 206.
What’s in the infrastructure bill: As a reminder, the bill set for Biden’s signature provides for $550 billion in new spending over five years, including $110 billion for roads a bridges, $73 billion to upgrade the electric grid, $66 billion for passenger and freight rail, $65 billion for broadband internet, $55 billion for water projects, $50 billion for climate change resiliency, $42 billion for airports and ports and $39 billion for public transit. The package also re-authorizes some $650 billion in surface transportation funding, including a boost to highway spending. The Congressional Budget Office said in August that the legislation would add $256 billion to deficits through 2031.
What’s next: The focus now will shift to the Build Back Better bill, but not before Biden and Democrats take an extended victory lap, touting a historic, bipartisan achievement — and it is undoubtedly historic, the largest single infrastructure investment in more than a decade. “Well, finally: Infrastructure Week. I’m so happy to say that: Infrastructure Week,” Biden said in Saturday morning. “I don’t think it’s an exaggeration to suggest that we took a monumental step forward as a nation.”
Congress is out this week, so the White House is expected to hold a public signing ceremony next week, when lawmakers are back. But the public messaging blitz has already begun, and officials reportedly plan to fan across the country to explain what the bill means for Americans in different regions. Biden is scheduled to kick off that push by visiting Baltimore Wednesday to talk about how the legislation will upgrade that nation’s ports and help address supply chain disruptions. He told reporters on Saturday that Americans will probably start to see the effects of the bill “within the next two to three months.”
The administration will likely continue touting the details of the infrastructure plan over that period, or longer. “White House officials know the traditional knock on Democrats is they can’t ever seem to take credit for their achievements, failing to win over voters even with policies that are broadly popular,” The Washington Post’s Olivier Knox notes. “Democrats also know they can’t let that happen this time.”
The path ahead for BBB: Democrats’ celebratory public messaging could still be undermined by continued uncertainty and intraparty fights over the social spending and climate legislation.
The Congressional Budget Office score could present some fresh challenges. First, it’s not clear yet when it will arrive, and it might not come until the days before Thanksgiving, potentially upending Democrats’ preferred timeline. Second, the score could also differ in some important ways from White House estimates, including revenue projections from beefing up IRS enforcement efforts to close the tax gap, which the administration says could generate about $400 billion.
Even if the CBO doesn’t add significant hurdles to the Build Back Better bill’s path in the House, the legislation faces an uncertain fate in the Senate, where Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV) remains opposed to the paid family and medical leave provisions House Democrats reinserted into the package, among other elements. And any changes could lead to renewed intraparty battles that delay or derail the bill., “My fear is not that it won't pass but that it will go back to the Build Back Better Manchin framework,” one unnamed lawmaker told the Post.
At the very least, the path ahead likely involves long negotiations, after which any bill passed by the Senate would have to again clear the House.
The bottom line: “I am confident that during the week of Nov. 15, the House will pass the Build Back Better Act,” Biden said in a statement Friday night. But it will likely be at least several more weeks before Biden can start thinking about hosting another signing ceremony. Oh, and lawmakers will also have to deal with funding the government early next month to avoid a shutdown — and there’s likely a repeat looming of the fight over raising the debt ceiling. Those battles may well complicate the timing of the Build Back Better bill.
Elon Musk’s $15 Billion Tax-the-Rich Question
Tesla founder Elon Musk –the richest person in the world — polled Twitter users on Saturday whether he should sell 10% of his stock in the company. “I will abide by the results of this poll, whichever way it goes,” he wrote.
The question appeared to come in response to a Democratic proposal to tax the unrealized gains of billionaires — a plan that Musk has slammed.
The congressional Joint Committee on Taxation estimated on Friday that the proposal, developed by Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR), would raise more than $557 billion in federal revenue over 10 years — enough to, say, cover all the new spending in the infrastructure bill the House just passed . It would apply to about 700 taxpayers with more than $1 billion in assets or reported income topping $100 million for three consecutive years. The idea wasn’t included in the White House’s Build Back Better framework and faces opposition from many Democrats.
“Much is made lately of unrealized gains being a means of tax avoidance, so I propose selling 10% of my Tesla stock,” Musk tweeted.
His poll question got more than 3.5 million votes, with 58% saying he should sell — a result that sent Tesla shares lower on Monday.
“Musk said he was raising the question because he does not take a cash salary as Tesla’s chief executive, and therefore wouldn’t have any way to pay a large tax bill without selling some of his Tesla shares, which make up the vast majority of his wealth,” Stephen Gandel notes at The New York Times.
But Gandel and numerous other outlets report that, poll or no poll, Musk likely would have had to start selling millions of his shares soon because he faces a tax bill of potentially more than $10- billion as the result of stock options for 22.8 million shares he was awarded in 2012 — options that are set to expire in August 2022 that could be worth nearly $30 billion now. In order to exercise the options, Musk would have to pay the income tax on his gains. “Combined, the state and federal tax rate will be 54.1%,” CNBC’s Robert Frank reports. “So the total tax bill on his options, at the current price, would be $15 billion.”
Yet Business Insider’s Ben Winck and Andy Kiersz note that Musk’s tax bill could potentially be far higher if the Wyden tax proposal was in force right now. “If the ‘billionaires' tax’ was already law, and Musk's net worth stayed the same through the end of the year, the Tesla CEO would owe the government about $40 billion,” they write.
Chart of the Day: The Red-Blue Divide in Covid’s Death Toll
“The gap in Covid’s death toll between red and blue America has grown faster over the past month than at any previous point,” David Leonhardt reports at The New York Times. “This situation is a tragedy, in which irrational fears about vaccine side effects have overwhelmed rational fears about a deadly virus. It stems from disinformation — promoted by right-wing media, like Rupert Murdoch’s Fox News, the Sinclair Broadcast Group and online sources — that preys on the distrust that results from stagnant living standards.”
- How a $1 Trillion Infrastructure Bill Survived an Intraparty Brawl – New York Times
- Biden Takes Case to Voters After Passage of Major Infrastructure Bill – Bloomberg
- Centrist Democrats Now Hold the Cards as Infrastructure Bill Heads to Biden's Desk – NBC News
- This Is Where the States Want Billions in Infrastructure Funding Spent – New York Times
- Paid Family Leave Was an Idea Born in the U.S. 100 Years Ago. And We Still Don’t Have It. – Washington Post
- Democrats Keep College Completion Cash in Spending Bill – Politico
- The Biden Administration Is ‘Prepared to Defend’ the Vaccine Rules for Big Employers, the Surgeon General Says – New York Times
- Big Bird Got His Pfizer Shot, and Conservatives Are Calling It Vaccine ‘Propaganda’ – Washington Post
Views and Analysis
- What Does Infrastructure Package’s Passing Mean for the Democrats’ Bigger Social Spending Bill? – Amber Phillips, Washington Post
- Passing Big Spending Programs Isn’t Supposed to Be Easy – Jonathan Bernstein, Bloomberg
- Why Democrats Should Thank the Moderates in Their Party – Karen Tumulty, Washington Post
- Democrats Avoided Defeating Themselves. Now They Must Defeat the Plutocratic Populists. – E.J. Dionne Jr., Washington Post
- Progressives 'Incredibly Pessimistic' They'll Get What They Want in Social Spending Bill – Jacqueline Alemany and Theodoric Meyer, Washington Post
- The Squad Is Right Not to Trust Democratic Moderates – James Downie, Washington Post
- How Biden’s Infrastructure Win Falls Short in One Big Area – Tanya Snyder, Politico
- Build Back Better Won’t Be Perfect. But It Can Be Much Better Than It Is Now. – Washington Post Editorial Board
- Bill Clinton Saved His Presidency. Here’s How Biden Can, Too. – Mark Penn and Andrew Stein, New York Times
- The Battle Over Biden’s Child Tax Credit and Its Impact on Poverty and Workers – Glenn Kessler, Washington Post
- Wokeness Derails the Democrats – Maureen Dowd, New York Times
- Will Biden's Infrastructure Bill Save the Democrats? – Joel Mathis, The Week
- A Pollster Tested 8 Pieces of Covid Misinformation. On 6 of 8, More Republicans Said They Were True Than False. – Aaron Blake, Washington Post