Hope you’re having a good Wednesday! Things are jumping in Washington as lawmakers rush to finish up some key priorities before the July 4 recess begins at the end of the week. There’s news on the gas tax holiday, insulin prices and more. Here’s what’s going on:
Biden Calls for 3-Month Suspension of the Gas Tax
President Joe Biden on Wednesday called on Congress to declare a fuel tax holiday through September, but the request is generating little excitement on Capitol Hill, with few lawmakers expressing support for the plan and little expectation that it will come to fruition.
Biden said he wants lawmakers to suspend the 18.4 cents per gallon tax on gasoline and 24.4 cents per gallon tax on diesel for three months in order “to give Americans a little extra breathing room as they deal with the effects of Putin’s war in Ukraine.” Since a fuel tax holiday would reduce the flow of cash into the federal Highway Trust Fund, which helps pay for road repair and construction in the U.S., Biden also called on Congress to cover the lost funding from other sources.
“With our deficit already down by a historic $1.6 trillion this year, the President believes that we can afford to suspend the gas tax to help consumers while using other revenues to make the Highway Trust Fund whole for the roughly $10 billion cost,” the White House said in a fact sheet.
Biden also called on states to take steps to lower fuel costs. “Already, some states and local governments have acted: for example, in Connecticut and New York, governors temporarily suspended their gas taxes, and in Illinois and Colorado, governors delayed planned tax and fee increases,” the White House said. “The President believes more states and local governments should do so.”
And the president asked oil companies to invest in extra refining capacity to reduce prices in the long run, and gas station owners to do what they can. “These are not normal times, bring down the price you are charging at the pump to reflect the cost you are paying for the product,” Biden said at the White House. “Do it now. Do it today, your customers, the American people, they need relief now.”
More yawns than cheers: The proposed tax holiday has few supporters. As we noted yesterday, many economists think fuel suppliers will claim most of the windfall, with consumers saving just a few cents a gallon. Worse, if both state and federal taxes were suspended, the price reduction for consumers would likely be more substantial – but at the risk of increasing demand, creating more upward pressure on prices.
Rep. Peter DeFazio, the Massachusetts Democrat who chairs the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, pushed back against the plan. “I urge my colleagues to see this for what it is: a short-sighted proposal that relies on the cooperation of oil companies to pass on miniscule savings to consumers – the same oil companies that made record profits last year and a staggering $35 billion in the first quarter of 2022,” he said in a statement.
DeFazio also warned of the potential harm the “well-intentioned but ill-conceived policy” could inflict on infrastructure funding: “Suspending the federal gas tax will not provide meaningful relief at the pump for American families, but it will blow a multi-billion-dollar hole in the highway trust fund putting funding for future infrastructure projects at risk.”
Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV) also expressed concerns about the budgetary effects of a tax holiday. "Now, to do that and put another hole into the budget is something that is very concerning to me, and people need to understand that 18 cents is not going to be straight across the board -- it never has been that you'll see in 18 cents exactly penny-for-penny come off of that price," Manchin told ABC News.
Republicans, usually more receptive to any kind of tax cut, were no more supportive. “This is nothing but a midterm election gimmick,” Sen. Bill Hagerty (R-TN) told Fox News. “They’re trying to buy votes right now with this. … And you know, a short-term gimmick like this is just nothing but that. Very shortsighted. It will not fix the inherent problem.”
The bottom line: The White House is desperately looking for ways to ease the pain at the pump as gas prices hover near $5 per gallon, but in the short run, there may be little the administration can do.
Quote of the Day
“Rate hikes won’t make Vladimir Putin turn his tanks around and leave Ukraine. Rate hikes won’t break up monopolies. Rate hikes won’t straighten out the supply chain, or speed up ships, or stop a virus that is still causing lockdowns in some parts of the world. … The Fed has no control over the main drivers of rising prices, but the Fed can slow demand by getting a lot of people fired and making families poorer.”
— Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), in an exchange with Federal Reserve Chairman Jay Powell at a hearing Wednesday. Powell admitted that the Fed has little control over food and fuel prices, and said he was focused instead on getting supply and demand back into alignment in the U.S. economy, with the goal of pushing inflation back down to the Fed’s 2% target range. Powell said the economy is strong enough to handle tighter monetary conditions.
Still, Warren urged the Fed chief to proceed with caution and to do everything he can to avoid a downturn. “You know what's worse than high inflation and low unemployment?” Warren asked. “It's high inflation with a recession and millions of people out of work. I hope you consider that before you drive this economy off a cliff.”
IRS Backlog Now Exceeds 21 Million
The backlog of unprocessed tax returns at the IRS has grown to more than 21 million, according to a report from national taxpayer advocate Erin M. Collins Wednesday. As a result, millions of Americans are still waiting for their tax refunds as the pile of unprocessed returns continues to grow.
“Today, the IRS is still working to resolve an unprecedented backlog of unprocessed paper tax returns and returns with suspected errors or suspected identity theft,” Collins wrote. “[T]axpayers are still experiencing unprecedented delays in receiving their refunds; taxpayers continue to face unprecedented challenges in reaching the IRS by phone; and the IRS’s unprecedented delays in processing correspondence are contributing to additional refund delays and taxpayer frustrations.”
In detailed comments, Collins said the Biden administration failed to use relief funding quickly and effectively to address a serious problem that was exacerbated by the pandemic:
Collins said the IRS is committed to reducing the backlog to a “healthy” level by the end of the year, though she warned that it could be “a difficult commitment to achieve.”
A Bipartisan Plan to Cap Insulin Prices
Senate Diabetes Caucus Co-Chairs Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) and Susan Collins (R-ME) released a bill Wednesday aimed at reducing the cost of insulin for millions of Americans. Here’s what the plan would do:
The senators did not provide a cost estimate for the plan, but said they intend to offset the new spending. A bill that passed the House in March that would impose a similar cap on insulin prices is estimated to cost about $20 billion over 10 years.
While the proposal will likely win support from many Democratic lawmakers, who have promised to reduce insulin prices, not everyone is happy with it. Some patient advocates expressed misgivings about the proposal’s failure to deal with drug manufacturers more directly. “It is difficult to imagine insulin makers will voluntarily reduce their net prices,” David Mitchell of Patients For Affordable Drugs Now told Roll Call. “History tells us we cannot rely on pharma to do the right thing, and this bill does not offer any enforcement.”
The outlook for the proposal is uncertain. While Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) said he wants to put the bill on the floor soon, Minority Leader Mitch McConnell has not expressed support and it’s not clear if the legislation can win enough Republican votes to pass.
- Biden Calls for 3-Month Suspension of Gas and Diesel Taxes – Associated Press
- Pelosi Declines to Endorse Gas Tax Holiday – The Hill
- Powell Says Soft Landing ‘Very Challenging;’ Recession Possible – Bloomberg
- Bipartisan Gun Bill Clears Initial Vote in Senate – New York Times
- House GOP Scorns Bipartisan Senate Guns Deal – Politico
- Lawmakers Reach Bipartisan Deal to Aid School Meal Providers – Roll Call
- GOP Senator Considering Blocking School Meal Funding Deal Over Transgender Policy Fight – Politico
- Manchin Opposing Energy Payments Seen Blunting Value of Credits – Bloomberg
- The I.R.S. Backlog of Unprocessed Tax Returns Has Grown to 21 Million – New York Times
- The Unintended Consequences of the $178 Billion Bailout to Keep Hospitals and Doctors Afloat – Washington Post
Views and Analysis
- A Gas Tax Holiday Sounds Fantastic. But There’s a Reason Obama Bashed It as a ‘Gimmick' – Matt Egan, CNN
- Biden’s Gas Tax Holiday Won’t Save Summer – Liam Denning, Bloomberg
- The US Economy Is Headed for a Hard Landing – Bill Dudley, Bloomberg
- Why the Fed Is Risking a Recession – Jeanna Smialek, New York Times
- The Fed Is Crushing Investment Right When We Need It – David Dayen, American Prospect
- A ‘Break the Glass’ Moment on Inflation – Kate Davidson and Aubree Eliza Weaver, Politico
- It’s the Inflation, Stupid – Michael J. Boskin, Project Syndicate
- A Gas Puzzler: If Biden Ran Big Oil, What Would He Do Differently? – Charles Lane, Washington Post
- Joe Biden, Oil Man – Kevin T. Dugan, New York
- Clean Energy Tax Credits Are Broken—and That’s How Joe Manchin Likes It – Kate Aronoff, New Republic
- Are Large Corporate Profit Margins Causing Inflation? – Peter Coy, New York Times