How’s your Wednesday going? On this date in 1814, as the War of 1812 raged on, British forces invaded the nation’s capital and set fire to the Capitol building, still under construction, and the White House. So things in Washington, D.C. could be worse!
Also, we’re not sure which of these birthdays makes us feel older: baseball legend Cal Ripken, Jr., turns 62 today while actor Rupert Grint, best known as Ron Weasley in the Harry Potter films, turns 34.
Biden Cancels $10,000 in Student Loan Debt for Millions of Borrowers
• Forgiveness of up to $10,000 in federal student loan debt for borrowers making less than $125,000 per year, with an income limit of $250,000 per year for couples filing taxes jointly.
• Borrowers who received Pell Grants will be eligible for up to $20,000 in debt forgiveness, with the same income limits. (Pell Grants "usually are awarded only to undergraduate students who display exceptional financial need and have not earned a bachelor’s, graduate, or professional degree," according to the U.S. Department of Education. Most grants go to students from households earning less than $60,000 per year.)
• The suspension of payments on student loans will be extended "one final time," the White House said, lasting until the end of the year, with payments starting up again in January 2023
• The Biden administration says that nearly 90% of debt relief will go to people earning less than $75,000.
• About 20 million borrowers could see their student loan debts eliminated completely, with as many as 43 million borrowers benefitting to some degree. According to The Washington Post, 33% of borrowers owe less than $10,000 on their student loans, while a bit more than half (53%) owe less than $20,000.
• The Biden administration is also proposing new loan repayment rules that cap a borrower’s payments at 5% of discretionary income, while reducing the amount of income available for repayment. The administration also wants to forgive loan balances after 10 years of payments, rather than 20 years, for borrowers with loan balances of $12,000 or less.
Biden sells his plan: In remarks delivered at the White House, Biden said he was acting to help the average citizen. "Education is a ticket to a better life. ... but over time that ticket has become too expensive for too many Americans," he said. "All this means that an entire generation is now saddled with unsustainable debt in exchange for an attempt, at least, at a college degree. The burden is so heavy that even if you graduate you may not have access to the middle-class life that the college degree once provided."
Biden also said he is aware that the plan has harsh critics. "I understand not everything I'm announcing is going to make everybody happy," he said. "Some think it's too much — I find it interesting how some of my Republican friends who voted for [the 2017 Trump] tax cuts think we shouldn't be helping these folks. Some think it's too little, but I believe my plan is responsible and fair. It focuses the benefit on middle-class and working families, it helps both current and future borrowers and it'll fix a badly broken system."
Critics decry cost: Budget analysts estimate that canceling $10,000 worth of debt for those earning less than $125,000 will cost the federal government about $300 billion over 10 years; estimates for the cost of eliminating additional debt for Pell Grant recipients are not yet available. But deficit hawks don’t like what they’re seeing in any event.
"This announcement is gallingly reckless – with the national debt approaching record levels and inflation surging, it will make both worse," Maya MacGuineas of the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget said in a statement. "Policymakers have already spent $300 billion on student debt relief—none of it paid for, and this would add another $400 to $600 billion, again, none of it paid for. This action by the White House is completely at odds with their talk of deficit reduction. … With the stroke of a pen, the president undid a year's worth of work on the fiscal front."
Meanwhile, Republicans condemned Biden’s plan in no uncertain terms. "Biden’s student loan socialism is a slap in the face to every family who sacrificed to save for college, every graduate who paid their debt, & every American who chose a certain career path or volunteered to serve in our Armed Forces … to avoid taking on debt," said Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY).
Biden defended the fiscal impact of his plan, saying "the whole economy is better off" because of it and that the plan would be paid for by previous deficit savings.
"By resuming student loan payments at the same time we provide targeted relief, we're taking an economically responsible course," he argued. "As a consequence, $50 billion dollars a year will start coming back into the Treasury because of the resumption of debt" payments, he said. "There is plenty of deficit reduction to pay for the programs ... many times over," he added, referring to the long-term deficit reduction included in the recently enacted Inflation Reduction Act. "I will never apologize for helping working Americans ... especially not to the same folks who voted for a $2 trillion tax cut that mainly benefited the wealthiest Americans."
Biden Announces $3 Billion in New Aid for Ukraine as War Hits 6-Month Mark
Six months after Russia invaded Ukraine, President Joe Biden on Wednesday announced a new package of nearly $3 billion in weapons and equipment for Ukraine. It is the biggest tranche of military aid to date and signals that the U.S. — and Ukraine — are preparing for the war to drag on as fall and winter approach.
"This will allow Ukraine to acquire air defense systems, artillery systems and munitions, counter-unmanned aerial systems, and radars to ensure it can continue to defend itself over the long term," Biden said in a statement.
The announcement comes as Ukraine celebrates its declaration of independence from the Soviet Union 31 years ago. "I know this independence day is bittersweet for many Ukrainians as thousands have been killed or wounded, millions have been displaced from their homes, and so many others have fallen victim to Russian atrocities and attacks," Biden said. "Today and every day, we stand with the Ukrainian people to proclaim that the darkness that drives autocracy is no match for the flame of liberty that lights the souls of free people everywhere."
The United States has committed more than $13.5 billion in military aid to Ukraine since the beginning of the Biden administration, including about $12.9 billion since Russia invaded on February 24.
The Defense Department said the latest aid includes weapons yet to be produced and that will take time to deliver, unlike some previous packages that consisted more of supplies being drawn down from Pentagon inventories. The new aid is aimed at "a year from now, two years from now" to signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin that he can’t simply wait for international support for Ukraine to erode, Colin Kahl, undersecretary of defense for policy, told reporters at the Pentagon.
The new package includes:
• Six additional National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile Systems with additional munitions;
• Up to 245,000 rounds of 155mm artillery ammunition;
• Up to 65,000 rounds of 120mm mortar ammunition;
• Up to 24 counter-artillery radars;
• Puma Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) and support equipment for Scan Eagle UAS systems;
• VAMPIRE Counter-Unmanned Aerial Systems;
• Laser-guided rocket systems; and
• Funding for training, maintenance, and sustainment.
Number of the Day: $1.2 Billion
The Internal Revenue Service said Wednesday that it will waive penalties for 1.6 million taxpayers who failed to file their returns on time in 2019 and 2020 and will automatically refund $1.2 billion in penalties and interest, with most of the refunds due to be completed by the end of September.
"Besides providing relief to both individuals and businesses impacted by the pandemic, this step is designed to allow the IRS to focus its resources on processing backlogged tax returns and taxpayer correspondence to help return to normal operations for the 2023 filing season," the agency said in a news release.
- Biden Sells His Student Loan Forgiveness Plan, Calls It Economically Responsible – The Hill
- Biden Admin’s Student Aid Website Overwhelmed After Relief Announcement – The Hill
- McConnell: Biden Student Loan Forgiveness a ‘Wildly Unfair Redistribution’ of Wealth – The Hill
- Most Americans Support Student Loan Forgiveness, Poll Finds – The Hill
- White House Pledges ‘Stability’ Vouchers for Homeless and At-Risk People – Bloomberg
- Biden’s Yet to Fill the Job That May Soon Matter More Than Any Other – Politico
- White House Strategy for Monkeypox Vaccines Causing ‘Chaos Out in the Field’ – Politico
- House Panel Details Trump Pressure on FDA for Discredited COVID Treatment, Vaccines – The Hill
- Cities Funding Abortion Access Battle State Leaders Against It – Bloomberg
- Trump White House Exerted Pressure on FDA for COVID-19 Emergency Use Authorizations, House Report Finds – Politico
Views and Analysis
- Biden’s Student Loan Announcement Is a Regressive, Expensive Mistake – Washington Post Editorial Board
- Joe Biden’s Student Debt Forgiveness Is a Good Start – Ryan Cooper, American Prospect
- Biden’s New Student Loan Forgiveness Plan Is a Good Start – Paul Waldman, Washington Post
- Biden’s Student-Loan Forgiveness Is Good. It Could Have Been Revolutionary – Sarah Jones, New York
- Student Loan Forgiveness Is an Inflation Expansion Act – Wall Street Journal Editorial Board
- Biden’s Student Loan Forgiveness Is Wrong. Here’s How to Handle College Debt Instead – Oren Cass, Politico
- Joe Biden’s $10,000 Student Debt Cancellation Is a Huge Win—but It’s Not Enough – Suzanne Kahn, The Nation
- Biden’s Policies Have Been Good. But They Are Nowhere Near Enough – Perry Bacon Jr., Washington Post
- Stop the Dangerous Rhetoric: The Truth About IRS Funding – David F. Eisner, The Hill
- Jerome Powell Is Fighting Inflation — and Winning – Karl W. Smith, Bloomberg
- Jerome Powell’s Dilemma: What if the Drivers of Inflation Are Here to Stay? – Nick Timiraos, Wall Street Journal
- Inflation Is Even Pinching the Middle Class Now – Andrea Felsted, Bloomberg
- Something Better Than a Tent for the Homeless – Maia Szalavitz, New York Times