The new Republican-led House wasted no time demonstrating where its priorities lie. On Monday night, it passed a controversial rules package and a bill calling for the repeal of billions in funding for the Internal Revenue Service provided by Democrats last year.
Here’s what you should know about the GOP’s agenda.
GOP-Led House Approves Plan to Rescind Extra IRS Funding
Fulfilling a longstanding vow, the first bill passed in the Republican-controlled House in the 118th Congress aims to rescind most of the $80 billion in funding for the IRS provided by the Inflation Reduction Act last year.
“As part of the House Republican Commitment to America, I promised we would vote to repeal the Democrats’ army of 87,000 IRS agents on our very first day in the majority,” House Speaker Kevin McCarthy (D-CA) said in a statement after the vote. “Promises made. Promises kept.”
The bill, which passed on a party-line vote of 221-210, would rescind about $71 billion of the money provided for the IRS by Democrats last year but would keep the $3.2 billion meant to improve IRS customer service and $4.8 billion to modernize the agency’s technology.
The Congressional Budget Office estimated yesterday that the repeal bill would wipe out nearly $186 billion in revenue, resulting in a net deficit increase of $114 billion over a decade.
The Democratic-controlled Senate is not expected to take up the legislation.
Dueling views of the IRS: Republicans have portrayed the IRS funding — falsely, many critics argue — as a threat to families and small businesses, which in their telling would soon face a ruthless army of thousands of new tax enforcement agents. Rep. Jeff Duncan (R-SC) said the IRS funding has but one sinister purpose: “To go after small businesses, hard-working Americans to try to raise money for reckless spending, reckless spending that has caused $31 trillion in debt in this nation,” he said, per the Associated Press.
Democrats and many tax experts say the additional funding is necessary following years of budget cuts, especially to address cheating by the wealthy, and that Republicans are grossly exaggerating if not wholly fabricating the threat of a reasonably well-funded tax agency. “This debate about IRS lends itself to be the most dishonest, demagogic rhetoric that I have seen in the Congress at any point in time,” Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) said.
Former IRS Commissioner Charles Rettig — who was appointed by a Republican president in 2018 — spoke in favor of the extra funding. Last spring, Rettig told Congress that the IRS budget was more than 15% smaller than it was a decade ago once inflation is taken into account, and that its staffing level of roughly 79,000 employees was close to 1974 levels. Before leaving office in November, Rettig said the money would help the agency in numerous ways while making it “even less likely for honest taxpayers to hear from the IRS or receive an audit letter.”
Nina Olson, who served as the national taxpayer advocate for 18 years, echoed Rettig’s view, saying the extra funding would make the IRS operate more efficiently through better training and technology, in ways that would benefit the large majority of honest taxpayers. Without the funding, the IRS would continue to function, but “in ways that’s going to harm taxpayers,” she told The Wall Street Journal.
Biden’s veto threat: The White House was sharply critical of the GOP bill and said President Joe Biden would veto the legislation in the unlikely event that it made it through the Senate to his desk.
“Far from protecting middle-class families or small businesses, [the bill] protects wealthy tax cheats at the expense of honest, middle-class taxpayers,” the Office of Management and Budget said in a statement. “With their first economic legislation of the new Congress, House Republicans are making clear that their top economic priority is to allow the rich and multi-billion dollar corporations to skip out on their taxes, while making life harder for ordinary, middle-class families that pay the taxes they owe.”
What’s at stake? Republicans maintain that the IRS funding will be used to hire thousands of new agents, many of them armed, who will harass ordinary citizens. But dozens of analysts (see a long list of them in this USA Today review) have concluded that that interpretation is false.
Rep Lloyd Doggett (D-TX) charged that GOP lawmakers are really interested in protecting the rich, including former president Donald Trump, who stands accused of abusing the tax system for personal gain. “Republicans’ claimed interest in law and order seems to vanish when it comes to tax fraud by the wealthiest few,” Doggett said, adding that the Republican bill should be renamed the “Protect Donald Trump and His Tax-Cheating Cronies Act.”
Make that four Pinocchios: Saying that the Republicans’ first successful bill “is based on a repeatedly debunked falsehood,” The Washington Post’s fact checker, Glenn Kessler, re-entered the fray this week, providing a second round of analysis of the Republican claim that the IRS will be hiring 87,000 new agents. “We originally gave this claim Three Pinocchios,” Kessler wrote Tuesday, referring to the Post’s system of rating falsehoods. “But now, after repeated fact checks, there is really no excuse, and we are upping the rating to Four Pinocchios.”
Republicans are showing they will focus on the IRS: “Even if, as expected, the GOP bill doesn’t become law, the IRS will be under the microscope during congressional hearings,” says The Wall Street Journal’s Richard Rubin. “President Biden’s pick to run the agency, Danny Werfel, will soon have a confirmation hearing in the Senate. And the IRS is scheduled to release an implementation plan for the $80 billion as early as next month.”
This is a probably sign of other funding fights to come: “Republicans are newly empowered to try to force spending cuts — and with fresh eagerness to do so under a Democratic administration. And the party will apparently have to contend with a small but potentially powerful faction that’s unconcerned about how these issues might play for middle-of-the-road voters,” writes The Washington Post’s Aaron Blake. “And the fact that the GOP saw fit to launch its new House majority by voting to defund the IRS based on hyperbolic claims seems to say plenty about where things could go from here.”
Arrington Picked to Chair House Budget Committee
As we mentioned yesterday, Rep. Jason Smith (R-MO) was picked by the House Republican Steering Committee to lead the Ways and Means Committee. That left an opening atop the House Budget Committee, where Smith had been the top Republican. The Steering Committee on Monday picked Rep. Jodey Arrington (R-TX) to take over that panel, picking him over Reps. Buddy Carter (GA) and Lloyd Smucker (PA).
Arrington, 50, said he would be focused on reducing spending and the national debt. “With the national debt surpassing $31 trillion and over 120% of our entire economy, I believe confronting our unsustainable debt is the greatest challenge of the 21st century,” he said in a statement.
Arrington calls for policies to grow the economy, impose work requirements on safety net programs and restructure entitlement programs. Roll Call notes that Arrington “sponsored legislation in the last Congress to limit spending growth to 2 percent a year for the next decade, which he said would save about $500 billion” and that the Texas congressman supports the idea of using the need to raise the federal borrowing limit as leverage to slow the growth of the national debt.
First-Quarter Budget Deficit Rose to $418 Billion: CBO
The federal budget deficit was $82 billion in December, the Congressional Budget Office estimated Tuesday, bringing the total deficit for the first quarter of the 2023 fiscal year, which started in October, to $418 billion.
The quarterly deficit is $41 billion larger compared to the first three months of the previous fiscal year. Revenues of roughly $1 trillion are about $26 billion (or 2%) lower, and outlays of about $1.4 trillion are some $15 billion (or 1%) higher.
For the 2022 calendar year, the deficit totaled $1.4 trillion — or nearly $4 billion per day.
Numbers of the Day
$165 billion: Eighteen major climate and weather disasters caused losses topping $1 billion in the United States last year. The events, including last fall’s devastating Hurricane Ian, caused a combined $165 billion in damages — and killed at least 474 people, according to a new analysis by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Last year was the third most expensive year for billion-dollar disasters, according to NOAA, behind only 2017 ($373.2 billion) and 2005 ($253.5) and slightly ahead of 2021 ($155.3 billion).
5 million: Open enrollment for the Affordable Care Act exchanges ends January 15 in most states, and in a new analysis, the Kaiser Family Foundation estimates that some 5 million uninsured people are eligible for an ACA health care plan that is “essentially free” given 2023 premiums and subsidies. “Under the Inflation Reduction Act, free or nearly-free premium silver plans with very low deductibles are available to all Marketplace subsidy-eligible enrollees with incomes up to 150% of poverty ($20,385 for individuals or $41,625 for families of four enrolling in 2023),” the report explains.
- House GOP Stops Short of Specific Spending-Cut Demands for Debt Limit – Bloomberg
- McCarthy Outlines Some Concessions Made to Conservatives – Axios
- GOP Leaders and McCarthy Holdouts Defend Deals as Some Republicans Complain They’re in the Dark – CNN
- Republican-Led House Votes to Investigate the Investigators – Washington Post
- House Republicans to Vote on Bill Abolishing IRS, Eliminating Income Tax – Fox News
- White House Turns Talk of Medicare, Social Security Cuts Against GOP – The Hill
- Yellen to Stay on as Treasury Chief Through Biden's Term – Politico
- New Student Loan Proposal Provides Relief to Borrowers Making Less Than $30,600 – CNN
- As Infrastructure Money Lands, the Job Dividends Begin – New York Times
- US Faces a $4 Trillion Pension Headache – Bloomberg
- Biden Team Eyes End of Covid Emergency Declaration and Shift in Covid Team – Politico
- California Storm Damage Could Top $1 Billion. – New York Times
- Newsom Lays Out Spending Cuts as California Budget Swings From Surplus to Deficit – Politico
Views and Analysis
- The GOP Is Wrongly Trying to Blame Democrats for a Debt Ceiling Blowup – Catherine Rampell, Washington Post
- The Less Talked About Part of Kevin McCarthy’s Deal With Republican Radicals – Jamelle Bouie, New York Times
- Some Good Can Come Out of the Kevin McCarthy Fiasco – Yuval Levin, New York Times
- The Bond Market Is Already Worrying About a Debt-Ceiling Debacle – Tracy Alloway, Bloomberg
- What Will House Republicans Vote to Defund Next? – Aaron Blake, Washington Post
- McCarthy’s Mysterious Deal With the Hard Right – Aaron Blake, Washington Post
- Can Kevin McCarthy Still Outlast the Lettuce? – Oliver Wiseman, Politico
- The Concession McCarthy Shouldn’t Have Made – Jonathan Bernstein, Bloomberg
- C-SPAN Finally Showed What Really Goes On in Congress. Can We Keep It? – Peter Weber, The Week
- The Fed May Finally Be Winning the War on Inflation. But at What Cost? – Michael Steinberger, New York Times
- Three Charts That Tell America’s Troubling Fiscal Tale – Chris Towner, NH Journal
- Proposed Student Loan Rule Is Costly and Flawed – Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget
- Treating Sick Kids Shouldn’t Be This Hard – Bloomberg Opinion Editors