Senate Republicans Appear to Have Votes to Pave Way to Tax Reform

Senate Republicans Appear to Have Votes to Pave Way to Tax Reform

Carlos Barria

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Senate Republicans appeared to have enough votes on Wednesday to pass a budget measure that is crucial to President Donald Trump’s hopes of enacting tax reform legislation before the end of the year.

Senate Republican whip John Cornyn, who is in charge of marshalling votes for legislation, said he expected the fiscal 2018 spending blueprint to draw the support necessary to unlock a legislative tool enabling Republicans to move a tax reform bill through the Senate without help from Democrats.

Asked if Republicans had enough votes to pass the budget measure, Cornyn told Reuters: “I believe we do.” The resolution requires approval from at least 50 lawmakers in the 100-seat chamber, with Vice President Mike Pence able to cast a tie-breaking vote.

Cornyn pointed to the success of a Tuesday procedural vote allowing debate on the budget to begin. “We had 50 votes to proceed. And that was with three people missing,” he said.

Republicans control the Senate by only a 52-48 margin, and with Democrats largely opposed to Trump’s plan to deliver up to $6 trillion in tax cuts to businesses and individuals Republicans can afford to lose few votes among their own.

A budget approved by both the Senate and House of Representatives would allow Republicans to use a procedure known as reconciliation to move tax legislation through the Senate with a simple majority, rather than the 60 votes normally required.

Reconciliation is a parliamentary procedure that allows for the expedited passage of budget-related legislation that alters revenue, spending and the federal debt limit.

Republican Senator Rand Paul, a fiscal hawk, has already threatened to vote against the budget measure. But Republicans would need to lose three votes for the measure to fail, and there did not appear to be two other Republicans opposing the resolution.

Earlier in the day, Trump talked with 18 members of the tax-writing Senate Finance Committee, including Republicans and Democrats.

The White House said both parties shared a willingness to work with the president on tax reform.

With five of the six Democrats at the meeting up for re-election in states that Trump won in the 2016 presidential election, the White House hopes they will be open to working with Trump.

It was the latest White House attempt to recruit Democratic support to ensure that tax reform does not meet the same fate as Republican efforts to repeal Obamacare, which failed in the Senate when Republicans could not muster enough votes.

Trump and top Republicans insist that the tax plan would benefit the middle class.

But Senator Ron Wyden, the committee’s top-ranking Democrat, who was among those at Wednesday’s meeting, said he warned Trump that some middle-class voters would be hurt by the plan’s proposal to eliminate the $4,000 personal exemption and the deduction for state and local taxes.

“Any plan that starts off with the middle class in a serious hole is going to be pretty hard to fix,” Wyden told reporters after the meeting.

Democrats oppose the Republican budget resolution in part because it would allow tax legislation to expand the deficit by up to $1.5 trillion over the next decade.

Reporting by David Morgan; Editing by Cynthia Osterman and Leslie Adler.