The House Republican chaos caucus dealt another stunning blow to Speaker Kevin McCarthy on Thursday, defeating their own party’s Pentagon funding bill for the second time in a week.
The failed vote, combined with indications that several ultraconservatives remain opposed to a stopgap spending bill, leaves House Republicans in a continued state of turmoil and casts further doubt on whether Congress will be able to avert a partial government shutdown at the end of the month.
Thursday’s surprising 212-216 procedural vote came after House Republicans had appeared to make some progress during a lengthy Wednesday evening meeting, setting a path forward on both the defense bill and a modified stopgap spending measure, with GOP leaders apparently confident that they had flipped enough opponents to advance the Pentagon bill.
McCarthy had reportedly embraced a plan to offer a one-month stopgap spending bill funding the government at an annual level of $1.47 trillion in discretionary spending, the same amount House Republicans had passed this spring, before a deal with the White House established a $1.59 trillion cap on such spending. The McCarthy strategy also would have attached GOP immigration legislation to the short-term funding and called for the creation of a fiscal commission to address the national debt. The plan would have excluded money for Ukraine and disaster relief.
McCarthy’s plan also involved bringing up the defense bill again and moving on a series of fiscal year 2024 appropriations bills that, all told, set discretionary spending at $1.52 trillion — again, below the caps he had agreed to earlier this year, meaning that the Senate and White House would have rejected it.
That all fell apart on Thursday. Instead, with just nine days to go before the shutdown deadline, six hardliners in McCarthy’s conference voted against advancing the GOP defense appropriations bill — legislation that typically advances with little drama. And it became evident that the new stopgap spending bill also faced more than enough opposition to kill it because some hardliners remain upset that House leaders have failed to pass a budget resolution and move the 12 annual spending bills in
The six Republicans who joined Democrats in voting against the rule governing debate on the defense bill were Reps. Dan Bishop of North Carolina, Andy Biggs of Arizona, Tom Cole of Oklahoma, Eli Crane of Arizona, Marjorie Taylor Greene of Georgia and Matt Rosendale of Montana. Cole, the Rules Committee chair, flipped his vote to “no” so that he could then call for reconsidering the vote later.
Greene and Crane had voted yes on the rule on Tuesday but switched to “no” today. Greene said she opposes the $300 million in Ukraine aid included in the bill.
The changes surprised McCarthy, who admitted to being frustrated. “This is a whole new concept of individuals that just want to burn the whole place down,” the speaker said. “That doesn't work.”
Neither does the House right now.
McCarthy reportedly plans to start bringing up individual annual appropriations bills next week, but those bills would go nowhere in the Senate and there’s little indication that the House will be able to pass a stopgap measure to keep the government running. So instead of staying in session as previously planned for votes on spending bills Friday and Saturday, House Republican leaders sent members home until Tuesday because they simply don’t have the votes to get anything done.
The bottom line: Some frustrated Republican moderates may be open to working with Democrats on a short-term spending bill and some in the party reportedly see a stopgap proposal from the bipartisan Problem Solvers Caucus as the best option. Still, a shutdown appears highly likely at this point.